Toshiba is a fantastic brand that has made its mark in the tech world with its outstanding products.
If you get an authentic Toshiba product, you can be sure that it will last long and serve you well. Like all the other brands, some minor issues might come with Toshiba laptops during power-up.
The most common is the computer failing to power up entirely. Let us look at this issue, its cause and some fixes to get you out of it?
Toshiba Laptop Won’t Turn On
This is called a no power fix, and it can manifest itself in several ways. Either your computer is not turning on at all, or it turns on and then goes off before the Toshiba logo comes on.
It could also be turning on and freezing before the Logo comes up.
If your laptop turns on, you can hear the motherboard clicking and the fan kick in, but the screen is still black; that is a different problem.
Power fluctuations in the system mainly cause the no power problem, and it has an easy fix. The problem is that there is some power in the system, but it is not enough to power up.
On the other hand, the laptop doesn’t draw in more power because there is already some power in its circuits.
This leaves the computer without enough power to boot up even if the charger is connected and working correctly.
- Flip the laptop over and take out your battery if it is removable. If your laptop does not have a removable battery, then you will have to go inside and unplug the battery. The point of removing the battery is to discharge all the components.
- Ensure the power cable is disconnected before moving on since you want all the power in the laptop to get used up.
- Hold down the laptop’s power button for around 30 seconds. This will drain all the power in your laptop to make it possible for your laptop to take in enough power to boot it up.
- Let go of the power button and put your battery back in.
- Plugin the power cable and try to turn the computer on. If it turns on, you know it was a static issue, and it won’t cause any damage to your laptop. To avoid this, limit your laptop’s exposure to static electricity.
- If the laptop does not come on, repeat the process and hold the power button for 60 seconds.
- This time, only replace one power source, leave the battery out and plug in the charger, so you are using the power directly. If the computer turns on, it means that your battery was defective and you need to get it replaced.
- If it still doesn’t work, you should repeat the process but this time, put in the battery without connecting the charger. If the computer works, it means the charger had an issue, and you should replace it.
If you have tried all these and the laptop still doesn’t work, you would have to do a BIOS reset. It could mean that the problem is more hardware than power-related.
How To Perform A BIOS Reset
Another reason for your computer not to turn on could be an issue with the BIOS. The BIOS could have developed a glitch over time, and you will need to get it back to factory settings to work correctly.
You can solve this problem by removing the CMOS battery from the motherboard to force a reset.
After the reset, make sure you go to your settings and set the date and time because the reset will clear it. Here is a guide on how you can go about this;
- Turn the computer over and open up the screws to get inside the laptop. Make sure you have disconnected the computer from the adapter cable, and if the battery is removable, make sure you take it out.
- Remove the optical drive as part of the disassembly process. It is also because there are screws under the DVD drive that you need to take out before opening it up. Make sure you get all the screws to avoid prying the case, which will damage it.
- Take the bottom case off the laptop to expose the interior. Make sure your hands are dry to avoid short-circuiting the internal components of your laptop.
- Locate the CMOS battery, it looks like an extra-large watch battery, and it is in a plastic space that fits it perfectly. In other laptop models, they are wrapped in black electrical tape and plugged into the motherboard.
- It has springs to make it easy to remove, so take it out by pushing it towards the back springs while raising it gently. Be careful with the battery’s cradle since the CMOS battery will not get secured without it.
- Leave the battery out for around fifteen or twenty minutes to do a full BIOS reset. Make sure you place the battery back incorrectly before covering the laptop and putting the screws back on.
This process will reset your computer’s BIOS to factory settings. Thus it should work when you try to boot it up again.
If the laptop still doesn’t work, you might have to take it to a repair shop since it could indicate serious problems with the power supply unit.
How To Fix A Black Screen
This is another common issue with Toshiba and other laptops, the laptop starts, and you can hear the fan, but the screen remains black. The most probable cause for such a problem will be a RAM issue.
This is a different case from when the computer does not turn on at all, and here is how you can fix a black screen;
- You need to get access to your RAM, and it is positioned differently depending on the model. You could have access panels at the back of your PC that will allow you access to the Ram, but in most cases, you have to open the screws behind your laptop.
- Take off the panel, and you should be able to see the RAM sticks. Two spring-loaded arms on each side; thus, pulling the arms will release the RAM.
- The first fix you should try is reseeding the RAM stick. Remove the sticks then put them back in since they could have come loose over time. Make sure both the RAM sticks are secure before trying to power up your computer again.
- If that doesn’t work, it means that one of your RAM sticks is bad. You need to figure out which one, thus remove one RAM stick then try to power up the laptop.
- If it doesn’t come on, exchange the RAM sticks and try with the other one alone. If the laptop comes on with one RAM stick, it means that the other one is defective, and you should replace it.
This test could fail, but it doesn’t necessarily mean both your RAMs are bad. It is improbable that both RAMs would go out simultaneously, but you can test it with another RAM that you know works just to be safe.
The RAM fix could not work because the problem is elsewhere; as a general fix, you can reset the BIOS settings by removing the CMOS battery. Replace the CMOS battery since it is relatively cheaper than a RAM stick.
Basic Laptop Maintenance Tips
These minor problems can often get fixed at home, but they might lead to some severe damage to your laptop. The safest thing to do is take care of your laptop, so it doesn’t end up needing repair or replacement.
- Keep the laptop away from any source of static electricity like pillows, blankets or don’t allow furry pets to play on it.
- Always disconnect the charger from the mains when it is not in use.
- Avoid connecting the laptop directly to the mains power source and use a surge protector instead.
- Clean all dust and other particles from the keyboard and internal components regularly.
- Keep the PC updated and install newer and better components like RAMs to make it better as you use it more.
- Run constant checkups to make sure each part is working correctly so that you can discover potential problems and fix them at an early stage.
Don’t get too alarmed when your Toshiba laptop fails to power up. In most cases, it is caused by a buildup of static electricity in the system, and it can be fixed using a simple procedure.
Remove the power sources and discharge the components by long-pressing the power button. Resetting the BIOS settings can also help solve most boot-up issues.
You can always reset it by removing the CMOS battery for a few minutes before attempting a reboot.
To avoid having all these issues, take care of your laptop while it is in good condition. Keep \it safe from static electricity and ensure the components are always clean.