When using your computer, you are likely to add one or even remove a component to process information or add functionality. For some devices, you don’t need to restart your system to either add or remove them.
Any device or component that you can add to your computer without disrupting its operation is a hot plug. The opposite is a cold plug, which requires restarting the system. Hot plugs make for more convenient computer usage. They are available in different forms for different purposes.
What Is A SATA Hot Plug?
A SATA hot plug refers to any hot plugging device connecting to storage devices like optical disks and hard drives with SATA-certified interfaces.
SATA drives themselves are hot-pluggable because you can remove them and replace them without turning off your computer. They can also connect to other SATA-compatible external devices like external drives and adaptors for added functionality.
Compatible external hard drives (also called eSATA) connect to the computer via the eSATA port at the rear of the computer near the USB, monitor, and network cables ports.
A wide range of adapters is available for different purposes. You can use them to modify connections between SATA devices. You can also use them to wipe, explore or back up information on SATA drives, in the case of USB adapters.
You can also use Molex adapters if your power source lacks the 15-pin cable connection required by your internal SATA hard drive.
The SATA interface has two types of connectors, the data, and the power connectors. The data connector is responsible for data transmission between the drives and the motherboard, while the power connectors provide the required power for the drives to function.
SATA cables are flat and slender 7-pin cables. The one end connects to a SATA port on the motherboard, and the other to the back of a storage device such as a SATA-certified hard drive.
Explaining The SATA Concept
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) is a data transfer interface that connects a computer’s motherboard to storage devices.
Every computer system has a motherboard – a printed circuit board that connects all other components, allowing them to communicate.
Storage devices like solid-state drives, hard disk drives, or random-access memory communicate with the CPU and other components through the motherboard. The motherboard also enables peripherals like the mouse and keyboard to communicate with the monitor.
For this communication to occur, these drives or peripherals must first transmit data to the motherboard. The data transmission occurs via interfaces in the form of high-speed cables. The technical name for the interface is Advanced Technology Attachment (ATA).
Two kinds of interfaces transmit these data – serial or parallel. The terms serial and parallel describe the flow of information. A parallel interface uses multiple wire strands to move numerous pieces of data simultaneously.
However, a serial interface or the Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) uses one cable to transfer information bit by bit. Rather than transmitting data in multiple concurrent streams, serial communication sends data one bit at a time.
As a result, serial communication is less prone to interference, allowing SATA to run significantly faster than PATA (Parallel ATA)
SATA cables are smaller than PATA ribbon cables. Therefore, they’re easier to manage because they take up less room, allowing greater airflow inside the computer casing. Serial ATA replaced Parallel ATA in 2001 to become the standard storage interface.
Advantages Of SATA
Serial ATA is far superior to the older IDE and Parallel ATA connections due to the following factors:
The SATA bus interface outperforms the PATA bus interface in terms of speed. The 600MB/s maximum speed of the SATA interface greatly exceeds the PATA interface’s 133MB/s maximum speed.
Improved bandwidth: Improved bandwidth allows for more speed, which is the case with the SATA interface, which offers more bandwidth than its PATA counterpart.
The SATA has a less complicated interface since it requires thinner wires. It also uses fewer wires, allowing for even more airflow within the cabinet.
SATA uses longer wires than PATA, allowing for more flexibility.
SATA drives allow users to remove drives from a computer without having to turn it off, offering an overall smooth experience.
Multiple drives support:
Because a motherboard has several SATA ports, you can use many drives simultaneously.
SATA connections have separate cables for each drive. Since these drivers do not share the same connections, there are no speed issues.
SATA drives are less power-consuming than PATA. This property makes them popular in portable devices like laptops.
Disadvantages of SATA
Require multiple cables:
Because each SATA drive has its wire, connecting several drives will require more cables. This situation creates a problem for workstations and users who need to use many storage devices on their PC.
Lack compatibility with older computers:
Most of the older computers support PATA connections. However, only modern systems support SATA.
History And Evolution Of SATA Drives
There have been several revisions to the first SATA released in 2001. SATA 1.0 revision emerged in 2003, while SATA 2.0 launched a year later in 2004.
It took another five years for the 3.0 release to come in May 2009. Version 3.2 came in 2011, while the current version is 3.3, released in 2016.
Here’s a timeline of the evolution of SATA hard drives, with their features and improvements.
SATA Revision 1.0
The first revision of SATA came in 2003. Its devices were capable of transmitting data at a rate of 1.5 gigabits per second. SATA 1.0 devices, consisting of two PATA drives coupled in a master/slave configuration, were prominent in home and business computers.
SATA Revision 2.0
SATA 2.0 came in 2004 with the introduction of the Native Command Queuing (NCQ). The NCQ feature enables the drive to send write/read commands at random intervals, ensuring the optimal movement of the reading head.
Transfer speeds improved in SATA Revision 2.0 devices. With the inclusion of better queuing, port multipliers, and pickers, transfer speeds could now reach 3.2 gigabits per second (400MB/s).
SATA Revision 3.0
SATA revision 3.0 release came in 2009, supporting drive transfer rates of up to 6 gigabits per second. SATA Revision 3 drives are backward compatible with previous revisions, although data transmission occurs relatively slower.
SATA Revision 3.1
Revision 3.1 is a transitional revision that emerged in 2011. It introduced final design requirements for SATA Universal Storage Module for consumer-based portage storage applications.
The following features highlighted the important changes in the 3.1 revision.
mSATA:This refers to the serial communication interface for solid-state drives in mobile devices. It is a PCI Express Mini Card-like connector, which is electrically SATA. An mSATA SSD is a smaller version of the regular SSD and is prominent in portable devices such as tablets, netbooks, and laptops.
Queued TRIM command: The trim command feature allows an operating system to inform a solid-state drive (SSD) of the data blocks that are no longer in use so they can erase them internally. With the queued TRIM command, the performance of solid-state drives improved significantly.
Required link power management: This feature reduced the overall system power request of several SATA devices.
Hardware control features: Hardware controls refer to regulating and communicating between various parts of a computer system. Revision 3.1 enables host identification of device capabilities.
Universal Storage Module (USM): This is a new type of cable-less plug-in (slot) powered storage for any consumer electronics device. The USM enables developers to incorporate slots into computers, including other devices.
SATA Revision 3.2
Released in August 2013, this revision presented the SATA Express (SATAe). It supports the real-time use of SATA ports and PCI Express (PCIe) lanes, making it possible for legacy SATA and PCI Express storage devices to function together.
SATA Revision 3.3
Released in February 2016, this revision introduced the following features:
Shingled magnetic recording (SMR) support: Shingled magnetic recording is a storage data technology that uses magnetic force in hard disk drives to enhance storage density and storage capacity.
This feature provides a 25 percent or more increase in hard disk drive capacity using overlapping tracks on the media.
Power disabling feature: Remote power cycling of SATA drives is possible with this functionality. Also included is a Rebuild Assist feature that aids in the rebuilding process to reduce data center maintenance.
Transmitter emphasis specification: In data transmission, emphasis has different applications. Pre-emphasis and de-emphasis are the two ways in which a system regulates data input and output.
Pre-emphasis increases refer to the boosting of the input data range. The reverse occurs in de-emphasis. In serial data transmission, de-emphasis reduces the level of all bits except the first one after a transition.
The 3.3 revision improves data transmission and reliability between hosts and devices in electrically difficult environments.
SATA hot plugs refer to data transmission components that allow removal and replacement without disrupting your computer’s operation.
Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) is a data transfer interface that allows storage components to communicate with the motherboard.
SATA drives are hot-pluggable themselves as you can remove and replace them without turning off your computer. They can also link to other SATA-compatible external devices like external drives and adaptors for added functionality.
SATA is the predecessor to PATA (Parallel ATA). Serial ATA replaced Parallel ATA in 2001 to become the standard storage interface.